Technology

Newly Discovered Smart Materials to Give New Insights in Research

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Researchers discovered a new smart material which has high potential to reduce fuel costs, airplane noise, and variety of other industrial applications.

A team of researchers at Texas A&M University uncovered vast potential of a newly founded ‘smart material’. It is assumed by scientists that the newly discovered material, which is a combination of four or more metals, could be used as an efficient fuel for aircrafts and other industry.

“What excites me is that we have just scratched the surface of something new that could not only open a completely new field of scientific research, but also enable new technologies,” said Dr. Ibrahim Karaman, Chevron Professor and head of the university’s Department of Materials Science and Engineering.

The findings was published in the journal Scripta Materialia on August 2018. The researchers discovered the new smart material based on combining different field of material science. They captured a critical area, ‘shape-memory alloys’ in the smart materials that were capable of changing shapes in different temperature.

The existing materials in the category of shape-memory alloys are very expensive and offer other limitations, such as HTSMAs only work at temperatures up to 400 degrees Celsius. The team developed the new material by combining four or more metals namely, nickel, titanium, hafnium, zirconium and palladium, which were known for shape-memory alloys. They experimented with low cost metals, purposefully omitting expensive metals such as gold and platinum, so that it could be widely used.

The researchers hope that their finding could be able to open new avenues of further research in the field. They also aim to explore ways to improve the newly discovered materials’ properties.